The common vaccinations given include protection against:
Canine Parvovirus (Parvo)
This is a potentially fatal disease which causes damage to the puppy’s lymph nodes, intestines, bone marrow and even the heart in some cases. It is highly contagious and can affect dogs of all ages but young puppies under 20 weeks are most at risk. Vaccinations for Parvo start at 6 to 7 weeks and should be completed by around 16 to 17 weeks of age. There are 3 vaccinations in the series.
Distemper affects the tonsils and lymph nodes and eventually the urogenital and gastrointestinal systems if it is not treated. Puppies have lower resistance and if they have a weak immune system the disease can be fatal within two to five weeks of infection, even if they are treated. Puppies should have the distemper vaccination from 6 to 7 weeks and then 2 more vaccinations at regular intervals to gain initial protection before 20 weeks of age.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis (ICH)
Caused by the canine adenovirus, this is another contagious disease that should be vaccinated against. Infected dogs will have symptoms such as jaundice, vomiting, fever and diarrhoea. If this is not treated early if can also prove fatal. Puppies should be vaccinated at 6 to 7 weeks in a 3-step schedule to complete the initial protection by 20 weeks.
Infectious canine tracheobronchitis (Kennel Cough)
This is a highly infectious disease, which is airborne and easily transmitted, which causes a nasty cough. While it is generally not life threatening, it is uncomfortable for the animal and can get passed on to other dogs quite easily. Most kennels will not board a dog that is not vaccinated against kennel cough.